Fruit preschool lesson plans
Apples and Pumpkins can be found on their own pages.
Note: Keep in mind that seeds are a choking hazard for children under the age of 3. Direct supervision is required for these activities with ALL ages of children. Not recommend for children under the age of 3.
Songs from KIDidddles.com
Apples and Bananas
Oranges and Lemons
The Prune Song
The Pumpkin I'm Saving for Me
The Pumpkin Pies That Grandma Used to Make
Raisins and Almonds
Allow the children to glue the seeds from a watermelon to a piece of paper.
Variation: Let the children glue the seeds to red paper shaped like a watermelon.
Variation: Have the children tear bits of black paper to represent the seeds.
Variation: Have the children color the outer rim of a paper plate green and the inside red or pink. Glue on paper seeds or real seeds.
Supply the children with black non toxic ink pads and red watermelon shaped paper. Show the child how to make fingerprints on the paper, using only one finger at a time. Their fingerprints will represent the seeds.
Allow the children to glue the seeds from a orange to a piece of paper.
Variation: Let the children glue the seeds to orange paper shaped like an orange.
Variation: Have the children tear bits of white paper to represent the seeds.
Variation: Have the children color a paper plate orange, then glue real seeds or paper seeds to the plate.
Allow the children to glue the seeds from a grapefruit to a piece of paper.
Variation: Let the children glue the seeds to pink paper shaped like a grapefruit.
Variation: Have the children color a paper plate pink. The children can then glue real seeds or paper seeds to the plate.
Variation: Have the children tear bits of white paper to represent the seeds.
Supply the children with green and purple circles to create a bunch of grapes. Use a black marker to create the vines.
Supply the children with red, green and purple non toxic ink pads and paper. Show the child how to make fingerprints on the paper, using only one finger at a time. When finished, add vines with a black pen.
Supply the children with blue non toxic ink pads and paper. Show the child how to make fingerprints on the paper, using only one finger at a time. When finished, add tops with a black pen.
Take two sturdy paper plates. (The stronger the better)Place some seeds on one of the plates and place the other plate on top of the first so that both eating surface areas are facing each other. Use masking tape to seal the plates together. Have your child decorate with markers, glitter, construction paper, or ribbons. When dry, shake. Shake to music, shake it each time you take a step. Shake, Shake Shake!!!
Supple the children with a variety of seeds from fruits. Have them glue the seeds onto a piece of paper.
I like Fruit Collage
Have the children cut out fruits from magazines and grocery store ads. At the top of their paper you can write "I like these fruits!" and the child can glue the fruits they like to the paper.
Supple the children with a variety of different fruit shaped paper. You can punch holes in the paper, and supply the children with yarn to thread the fruit shapes.
Fruit Loops Necklaces
Supply the children with Fruit Loops and yarn. Have the children thread the Fruit Loops onto the yarn to make a necklace.
Math and Science
Provide the children with many different kinds of seeds from various fruits. Have them sort the seeds.
What Seed do I Have?
Give each child one of each kind of seed. Pick one of those seeds. Start to describe it. It is white and round. Ask the children if they can guess which seed you have picked. This activity can also be done in pairs/groups in centers. Each child would take a turn picking and describing the seed for the others.
Seed Sound Jars
Obtain many film or prescription bottles. (Both are great items to get from parents.) Place matching seeds in two containers. I.e. 2 apple seeds, 5 watermelon seeds etc. If using film containers, seal the lids with hot glue or super glue. If using prescription containers, cover the bottles with colored contact paper. This Montessori based activity would normally be introduced to the children in the following manner: without speaking, the teacher picks up one of the containers and shakes it. Then the teacher will pick another bottle and shakes it. Then the teacher shakes the first again. The teacher will shake the bottles and compare them until it is determined if they are a match, if they are not a match, the teacher would shake his/her head "no" and set the second bottle aside, and continue by picking up another bottle and shaking it, comparing it again to the first bottle. When a match is found, the teacher shakes his/her head "yes" and places the two bottles aside, next to each other. Then continues by picking another bottle and try to find its match until all of the matches are found. The child is invited to help when prompted by the teacher, with a shoulder shrug, or by the teacher initiating the child to pick a bottle, etc.
Count the seeds
Before you cut a piece of fruit, have your child try to guess how many seeds will be inside. Cut open the fruit and count them. How close was he/she. Write down your child's guess.. and how many seeds that were in the fruit. The next day repeat the process. Compare your results. Were there more, less, or the same amount of seeds in the two fruits.
Graph the number of seeds in various kinds of fruit. Before you count, ask the children which fruit they think will have the most seeds, and which they think will have the least.
I Like Fruit Graph
Graph the children's favorite fruits.
What is inside a pumpkin? Let the children explore the insides of a pumpkin. It's a great sensory experience. Save the pumpkin seeds from a pumpkin. Boil 2 cups seeds in 1 quart water with 2 tbs salt for 10 minutes. Drain the seeds and toss them in 1 tbsp of butter. Spread the seeds on a baking pan, and bake for 30 minutes. Stir frequently.
What scent is this?
Gather four or more different fruits with different scents, like lemon, grapefruit, apples, strawberries. Blindfold the child, then place the object close the the child's nose, and ask the child to smell it and try to identify what it is.
What Taste is this?
Gather four or more different fruit food objects with different tastes, Skittles can be used. Blindfold the child, then ask the child to taste the food, and ask the child to taste it and try to identify what it is. [Note: some children may have allergies or diet restrictions, please keep these in mind when choosing items for children to taste. Peanuts products, strawberries and meat products are ones that you should avoid.]
Looking at the world through different colored glasses
Obtain different colored cellophane wrap and many toilet paper rolls. Red can be apple colored glasses, green or purple can be grape colored glasses, blue can be blueberry colored glasses. Apply a square of the cellophane wrap to the end of the toilet paper roll and secure with a rubber band or masking tape. Each child should have one. Have the children look through the tube to see what everything looks like. Have them trade with a friend. You could also have five of these set up in your science area for the children to use, or bind two of the same color for binoculars.
"Taste the Fruit" Jar
For older children. Fill a small jar with Skittles. Ask each child to guess how many Skittles are in the jar. For younger children, limit the number of Skittles to less than ten. Record each child's guess. Count the Skittles.
"Taste the Fruit" Jar for School agers
Provide three identical jars with pre-counted Skittles of 20, 30, and 40. Label these jars 20, 30 and 40. Place 20 to 40 Skittles in a fourth identical jar. Allow the children to examine all four jars before they guess. Record the children's approximations. Count the Skittles.
Physical Activities and Games
Place fruit shapes on the floor. Have the children hop from one fruit shape to the next.
Fruit Seat Markers
Cut out and laminate big fruit shapes to be used as seat markers for the children to sit on during story and circle time.
Grape, Grape, Raisin!!!
Played like "Duck, Duck, Goose" except the children will say "Grape, Grape, Raisin".
Played just like hot potato, replace the word "potato" with "banana".
Snack or Lunch Ideas
Banana Frozen Pops
Click here to see an image of this project image submitted by Julia
Cut a banana in half. Insert a popsicle stick in one end of the banana. Spread peanut butter onto the banana then drizzle with honey. Finally roll the banana in Rice Crispies and freeze.
Serve a variety of different fruits for snacks and with lunch.
For larger groups:
1 apple, cored and diced
1 orange, peeled and diced
1 cup grapes, sliced in quarters
1 banana, sliced
1 cup sliced strawberries
1 cup blueberries
1 cup diced peaches
1 cup diced pears
Let your child help in the washing and peeling process, and allow older children to cut soft fruits with a table knife. Place each fruit in a separate bowl, and ask your children to name the colors of the fruits. Place individual spoons into each of the fruit bowls, and let your children select the fruits they would like into their own bowl to make their own fruit salad. After the children are all settled in their chairs, ask the children, "Who has apples in their bowl?" "Who has strawberries?" and so on.
Field Trip Ideas
Visit an apple orchard.
visit a grocery store.
Visit a fruit market.
If you have a local plant that makes juices, ask to set up a tour.
Supply the children with pretend fruit, pretend money, aprons, bags and baskets to set up a fruit market.
Fruit Feelie Box
Place a piece of fruit in a box with a hole in one side. In the hole should be a long sock with the end cut off. Have the child feel the fruit and describe it. What piece of fruit do they think it is?
Blindfolded Fruit Exploration
Have the children wear a blindfold and feel many different kinds of fruits. You can label them 1, 2, 3, 4 and so on. Have the child describe each fruit's texture and shape to you. Record their answers. Ask the child to smell the fruit. After they have examined each of the fruits, ask them to tell you which is their favorite. Have the child guess what each fruit is.
Pick two pieces of fruit. Have the children compare and contrast the two piece of fruit. Use a Venn diagram to record the answers.
Cut a lime in half and let the child dip the lime in paint and press onto a piece of paper.
Variation: Cut the paper into the shape of an "L"
Cut a lemon in half and let the child dip the lime in paint and press onto a piece of paper.
Variation: Cut the paper into the shape of an "L"
Play Doh FunLet your child use play dough to create lemons/limes with yellow/green play-doh.
Torn Paper Lemons/Limes
Draw an circle on a piece of white paper or use a white paper plate. Tear yellow/green paper into dime sized bits (enough to cover your circle drawing.) Cut out one or two leafs from green paper. Have your child glue the torn pieces of paper onto the circle or plate. Then have your child glue on the leaves.
Supply each child with a tree shape, green or yellow non-toxic bingo dabber. Have the children put lemons or limes on the tree with the dabber.
Lime/Lemon Tree 2
Cut out a tree from brown and green paper. Glue the pieces together. Supply your child with green or yellow tempera paint and a pencil with an eraser. Have the child make prints on the tree with the eraser to make lemons or limes. After the picture has dried ask your child how many lemons/limes are on their tree.
Lime/Lemon Tree 3
Cut out a tree from brown and green paper. Glue the pieces together. Have the child dip a cork in paint to make the lemon/lime prints.
Supply each child with a piece of white paper and yellow or green non-toxic stamp pads. Show the child how to make fingerprints on the paper, using only one finger at a time.
Paper Plate Shaker
Take two sturdy paper plates. (The stronger the better)Place some lemon or lime seeds on one of the plates and place the other plate on top of the first so that both eating surface areas are facing each other. Use masking tape to seal the plates together. Have your child decorate with markers, glitter, construction paper, or ribbons. When dry, shake. Shake to music, shake it each time you take a step. Shake, Shake Shake!!!
Math, Science, Games
Ask the kids to estimate how many seeds might be in a lemon or a lime. Record their answers and create a bar graph, with number of seeds along the bottom and number of students with that response along the side. Cut open a lemon or a lime and count the number of seeds that you find. You can also cut open a second lemon or lime to see if they have the same or different number of seeds.
Taste It/Graph ItHave the children taste a bit of a lemon and a lime. Cut out lemon and lime shapes from yellow and green paper. Place each child's name on one lemon and one lime. Create on a piece of poster board two columns, one with a smiley face and one with a sad face. Place tape on the back of each lemon and lime shape. After the children have tried the lemons and limes have them place their lemon and lime in the appropriate column.
Gather three to five different sized lemons/limes. Set them on a table and ask your child to arrange the shapes according to size. For younger children, you can just start with two shapes and ask which is the smallest.
Obtain a laundry basket, or a bushel basket, and yellow/green bean bags, or small yellow/green balls. Use masking tape to tape a line on the floor. Place the basket a couple of feet away from the line. Have the child stand behind the line, and try to toss the balls or bags (lemons/limes) into the basket.
Lemon/Lime Lacing Cards
Cut colored poster board into an lemon/lime shape and punch holes around the edges. Them let your child lace yarn or a shoestring into the cards.
Lemon/Lime Hide and Seek
Have all the children hide their eyes while you "hide" an lemon/lime in the room. (It should be placed in plain view) Tell the children to find the lemon/lime, but not touch it. Once they spot it they should sit back down in their spot. The first one to sit down again will get to hide the lemon/lime.
Lemon/Lime Hide and Seek
Play the game the same as above, except hide the lemon/lime. Then tell the children individually whether they are "hot" or "cold" to the relation of the lemon/lime. Allow the other children to have a chance to hide the lemon/lime, and tell children whether they are "hot or cold". It may be a good idea to discuss the meaning of hot and cold before you play this game.
Lemon/Lime Fishing Game
Tie 3 feet of string to a wooden spoon. Attach a magnet to the end of the string. Cut and laminate many different lemons/limes from construction paper (not too big though). Attach a paper clip to each lemon/lime. Spread the lemon/lime shapes on the floor and let your child try to catch the lemon/lime. Have them try to catch the biggest lemon/lime. For a twist, label the lemon with letters or numbers. Ask the children to catch a specific lemon/lime, or ask them which lemon/lime they caught.
(sung to Ten little Indians)
One little, two little, three little lemons,
Four little, five little, six little lemons,
Seven little, eight little, nine little lemons,
Ten yellow lemons in the tree.
Make hand squeezed lemonade with lemons, sugar, ice and water.
Some Orange Activities
Orange Neck Relay
Before you begin, you will need to mark a start and finish line. Divide your group into 3 or 4 equal teams. Have one orange for each group. Have the children in each team line up behind the start line. The first person in line will put the orange under their neck. Then, when you say go, then children will run to the finish line and back to the start to pass off the orange to the next in line. That person will then run to the finish line and back, and this will continue until each person on the team has had a turn. The first team to have their final person cross the finish line wins.
No one may use their hands unless they drop the orange.
If a child drops the orange they must return to the start line.
Have all the children run at once with no teams.
Orange Neck Relay
Divide your group into 3 or 4 equal teams. Have one orange for each group. Have the children in each team line up. The first person in line will put the orange under their neck. Then when you say "go" the first child will pass the orange to the person behind them without using their hands. The second child must hold the orange under their neck and pass it again until the orange makes it to the end of the line.
If a child drops the orange, the orange goes back to the first person in line.
Have all the children line up in one line and time how long it takes to pass it.
Played like "Hot Potato"
The children sit in a circle. Have the children pass a orange around the circle while you chant:
orange, orange, orange and sweet,
orange, orange, fun to eat,
Who will get caught we will see,
We will count, one, two THREE!!!
Whoever is holding the orange when you say three goes in the center for one turn.
Play again, then the next person that is holding the orange replaces the first child in the middle.
Have the children compare and contrast a nectarine and an orange. Create a venn diagram to show the similarities and differences.